Hello Students for your better preparation of CBSE CLASS 06 here we are sharing complete solution of NCERT CLASS 06 History Chapter 3 In the Earliest Cities – with Complete explanation, Summary, NCERT CLASS 06 History Short Answer Questions, NCERT CLASS 06 History Long Answers, NCERT CLASS 06 History MCQS, NCERT CLASS 06 History mind maps.
NCERT Class 6 History – Chapter 3: In the Earliest Cities
Introduction: The chapter “In the Earliest Cities” explores the emergence of early cities in different parts of the world and delves into their features, lifestyle, and significance.
1. What is a City? This section defines a city as a large and densely populated settlement characterized by various features like a well-structured layout, organized governance, specialized jobs, and a surplus of food production. It discusses how cities are distinct from villages.
2. Emergence of Cities: This part takes the readers back to the time of early cities that emerged around 7000 years ago in various regions like Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. It highlights how factors like fertile land, availability of water, and strategic locations contributed to the growth of these cities.
3. Mesopotamia: The First Cities: The chapter explores the cities of Mesopotamia, such as Ur and Uruk. It discusses the significance of rivers like the Tigris and Euphrates in sustaining agriculture and trade. The emergence of social hierarchies, the invention of writing (cuneiform script), and the construction of monumental buildings are also covered.
4. The Story of Harappa: This section introduces the ancient city of Harappa in the Indus Valley. It describes the well-planned layout of the city, with streets laid out in a grid pattern and advanced drainage systems. The chapter also talks about the Great Bath, indicating a focus on hygiene and ritual activities.
5. What Books and Burials Tell Us: The importance of artefacts, writings, and burials in understanding the lifestyle of early city-dwellers is emphasized in this part. The use of seals, pottery, and other objects for trade and communication is discussed. The differences in burial practices provide insights into social divisions.
6. Kingdoms, Kings, and an Early Republic: This section shifts the focus to early cities in the Indian subcontinent, such as Taxila and Mathura. It discusses the existence of kings and republics, mentioning Magadha as an example of an early kingdom. The Mauryan period is highlighted as a time of centralization and organization.
7. New Questions and Ideas: The chapter concludes by highlighting the importance of asking questions and exploring the past through archaeological findings, inscriptions, and other sources. It encourages students to think critically about the lifestyle, society, and economy of early cities.
Conclusion: “In the Earliest Cities” sheds light on the fascinating world of ancient cities, their development, and their cultural significance. By examining various civilizations, the chapter provides a glimpse into the lives of people who lived thousands of years ago and contributed to the foundation of urban societies.