Hello Students for your better preparation of CBSE CLASS 06 here we are sharing complete solution of NCERT CLASS 06 History Chapter 2 From Hunting – Gathering to Growing Food – with Complete explanation, Summary, NCERT CLASS 06 History Short Answer Questions, NCERT CLASS 06 History Long Answers, NCERT CLASS 06 History MCQS, NCERT CLASS 06 History mind maps.
NCERT Class 06 History Chapter 2 From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food
In this chapter, we explore the transition of human societies from a nomadic lifestyle of hunting and gathering to settling down and practicing agriculture. This shift marked a pivotal moment in history, leading to the development of settled communities and the beginning of agriculture as a way of life.
Introduction to Hunter-Gatherer Societies: The chapter begins by introducing the concept of hunter-gatherer societies, where humans relied on hunting animals and gathering wild plants for their sustenance. These societies were nomadic in nature, constantly moving in search of food.
Tools and Weapons of Early Humans: This section describes the tools and weapons used by early humans for hunting and gathering. They used simple tools made of stone, bone, and wood to perform tasks like cutting, digging, and hunting.
Fire – A Turning Point: The discovery and control of fire by early humans are discussed in this section. Fire provided warmth, protection from predators, and a way to cook food. It was a crucial development in human history.
Beginning of Agriculture: The chapter then delves into the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. It explains how humans began to sow and cultivate seeds, eventually leading to the growth of crops and the domestication of animals.
Domestication of Plants and Animals: This section highlights the domestication process of plants and animals. Early humans learned to select and cultivate plants with desirable traits and tame animals for various purposes such as food, transportation, and labor.
Advantages of Settled Life: Settling down in one place brought numerous advantages. People could build permanent shelters, store surplus food, and engage in other activities such as crafts and trade. This marked the shift from a nomadic lifestyle to settled communities.
Impact on Lifestyle and Social Structure: The transition to agriculture led to changes in lifestyle and social structure. With the ability to produce surplus food, societies became more complex. Social roles diversified, and leadership roles emerged.
New Challenges: As humans shifted to agriculture, new challenges arose, such as dealing with pests, diseases, and fluctuations in weather. These challenges led to the development of new techniques and technologies to mitigate their impact.
Spread of Agriculture: The chapter discusses how the practice of agriculture spread from one region to another, often through migration and trade. This contributed to the development of different agricultural practices around the world.
- Transition from hunting-gathering to agriculture
- Tools and weapons of early humans
- Discovery and control of fire
- Domestication of plants and animals
- Advantages and challenges of settled life
- Impact on lifestyle and social structure
- Spread of agriculture and its significance
Takeaways: This chapter provides insights into the transformative shift from a nomadic existence to settled agricultural communities. It highlights the ingenuity of early humans in adapting to their environment and shaping their way of life through innovations such as fire control, domestication, and agriculture.