Hello Students for your better preparation of CBSE CLASS 06 here we are sharing complete solution of NCERT CLASS 06 Geography Chapter 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes – with Complete explanation, Summary, NCERT CLASS 06 Geography Short Answer Questions, NCERT CLASS 06 Geography Long Answers, NCERT CLASS 06 Geography MCQS, NCERT CLASS 06 Geography mind maps.
NCERT Class 06 Geography Chapter 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes
In this chapter, students are introduced to the concepts of latitude and longitude, which are essential for understanding the Earth’s geographical features and locations.
Understanding the Globe: The chapter begins by explaining the globe as a miniature model of the Earth. It is spherical in shape, and its features closely resemble those of our planet.
Imaginary Lines on the Globe:
Latitude Lines: These are horizontal lines that run parallel to the equator. The equator is the line of 0° latitude, dividing the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The lines of latitude are measured in degrees north or south of the equator, ranging from 0° to 90°N and 0° to 90°S.
Longitude Lines: These are vertical lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. The Prime Meridian, located at 0° longitude, divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Longitude lines are measured in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian, ranging from 0° to 180°E and 0° to 180°W.
Grid System: The combination of latitude and longitude lines creates a grid system on the globe, which helps in pinpointing specific locations on Earth’s surface with precision. Any point on Earth can be identified using its coordinates of latitude and longitude.
Equator and Tropic of Cancer/Capricorn: The chapter highlights the significance of the equator, Tropic of Cancer (23.5°N), and Tropic of Capricorn (23.5°S) as important latitude lines. These lines play a role in determining the Earth’s climate zones.
Prime Meridian and International Date Line: The Prime Meridian (0°) passes through Greenwich, England, and serves as the reference point for time zones worldwide. The International Date Line, located at 180° longitude, is where each new day begins.
Time Zones: The Earth is divided into 24 time zones, each representing a one-hour time difference. As you move eastward from the Prime Meridian, time increases by an hour in each zone, while moving westward subtracts an hour.
Longitude and Time: The chapter explains the relationship between longitude and time. Every 15° of longitude difference corresponds to one hour of time difference.
Importance of Latitudes and Longitudes: Understanding latitudes and longitudes is essential for accurate navigation, locating places on maps, and predicting climate patterns.
This chapter serves as the foundation for geographic studies and helps students grasp the Earth’s global structure and the principles that underlie mapmaking and navigation. It’s an important stepping stone for future geography lessons.